Lo dijo Marvin Minsky. Sobre sistemas de telepresencia e inteligencia artificial

A finales de la década del 70, Marvin Minsky enunció su propuesta de investigación en el artículo “Telepresence” (1980):

A person wears a comfortable jacket lined with sensors and muscle-like motors. Each motion of arm, hand and finger is reproduced at another place by mobile, mechanical hands. Light, dexterous and strong, those hands have their own sensors, through which the operator sees and feels what is happening. Using such an instrument, you can “work” in another room, another city, or another country. Your remote “presence” can have the strength of a giant or the delicacy of a surgeon. Heat or pain is “translated” into informative but tolerable sensation. Dangerous jobs become safe and comfortable.

[Marvin Minsky, “Telepresence”. Omni, June, pp. 45-52, (1980).]

A pesar de que Minsky haya acuñado el término “telepresence”, nunca se atribuyó a sí mismo el crédito del concepto sino que se lo asignó a Robert A. Heinlein, autor de la ficción científica Waldo.

Según la ficción de Heinlein, Waldo F. Jones es un científico del futuro que padece de ciertas limitaciones físicas, lo cual lo motiva a desarrollar dispositivos de telepresencia que dirigen los movimientos de poderosos autómatas llamados “waldos”. Los “waldos” tienen manos robóticas de diversos tamaños que son controladas por el científico a través de un receptor estéreo.

2 comentarios en “Lo dijo Marvin Minsky. Sobre sistemas de telepresencia e inteligencia artificial

  1. Al leer tu post, lo que más me dió fue ganas de leer esto libro! Me impresiona y, al mismo tiempo, me encanta leer cosas así, que antes parecían ficción y que hoy son casi reales! Creo que esta sea la magía de los nuevos tiempos, algo que la instantaneidad de las informaciones todavia no he logrado en finalizar.

    1. Hola Gabriela!! gracias por tu comment ;)
      te copio un fragmento:

      “The most difficult and the most interesting aspect of the investigation had to do with the neurological system in relation to Other Space. Neither electromagnetic instruments nor neural surgery was refined enough to do accurate work on the levels he wished to investigate.

      But he had waldoes.

      The smallest waldoes he had used up to this time were approximately half a inch across their palms -with micro-scanners to match, of course. They were much too gross for this purpose. He wished to manipulate living nerve tissue, examine its insulation and its performance in situ.

      He used the tiny waldoes to create tinier ones. The last stage was tiny metal blossoms hardly an eighth of an inch across. The helices in their stems, or forearms, which served them as pseudo muscles, could hardly be seen by the naked eye -but, then, he used scanners.

      His final team of waldoes used for nerve and brain surgery varied in succeeding stages from mechanical hands nearly life-size down to these fairy digits which could manipulate things much to small for the eye to see. They were mounted in bank to work in the same locus. Waldo controlled them all from the same primaries; he could switch from one size to another without removing his gauntlets. The same change in circuits which brought another size of waldoes under control automatically accomplished the change in sweep of scanning to increase or decrease the magnification so that Waldo always saw before him in his stereo receiver a “life-size” image of his other hands.”

      [Robert A. Heinlein, Waldo & Magic, Inc. (New York: Ballantine Books, 1990).]

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